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Cupcake” refers to Android 1.5, a version of the Android mobile operating system developed by Google. Released in April 2009, Cupcake was the third version of Android and the first to have a public codename based on a dessert or sweet treat, a tradition that Google continued for many future versions of Android.

Here are some features that were introduced with Android Cupcake:

On-screen keyboard: Prior to Cupcake, Android devices required a physical keyboard for text entry. Cupcake introduced an on-screen keyboard that could be used with a touchscreen, allowing for devices without a physical keyboard.

Video recording and playback: This was the first version of Android that allowed users to record and play back videos on their devices.

Widgets: Cupcake introduced home screen widgets, which are small application views that can be embedded in other applications (like the home screen) and receive periodic updates.

Auto-rotation: With Cupcake, Android could automatically rotate the screen orientation based on the direction the device was being held.

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Each subsequent major release of Android has been named in alphabetical order after a dessert or confectionery. After Cupcake, there were Donut, Eclair, Froyo, Gingerbread, Honeycomb, Ice Cream Sandwich, Jelly Bean, KitKat, Lollipop, Marshmallow, Nougat, Oreo, and Pie. As of my last update in September 2021, Google no longer uses dessert names for their releases, opting to use numerical versioning instead (Android 10, Android 11, etc.).

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